On April 30, 2014, Johnson & Johnson’s Ethicon unit, the world’s largest manufacturer of laparoscopic power morcellators ordered a cessation in the manufacture, promotion and sales of its devices following the April 17, 2014, safety communication notice from the US Food and Drug Administration which persuaded doctors against the continuous use of the device in hysterectomy and myomectomy procedures.
The FDA’s safety alert was based on medical reviews and reports which showed that, when used in laparoscopic procedures, a morcellator can cause uterine sarcoma, a cancerous tissue, to spread beyond the uterus.
Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure performed to treat cancers of the uterus, cervix and ovary, infections of the uterus, persistent pelvic pains, uncontrollable vaginal bleeding, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory diseases, endometriosis, uterine prolapse, and heavy and painful periods due to adenomyosis. Its main purpose, though, is to remove a part of, or the whole, uterus and/or uterine fibroids or myomas, which are benign or non-cancerous tumors that grow in the muscular wall of the uterus (uterine fibroids can be removed either through hysterectomy or myomectomy).
The National Institutes of Health states that any woman has the tendency to develop uterine fibroids. This may render doctors no actual reason for concern except for the fact that there are women, according to a study by the FDA, with fibroids and who also have uterine sarcoma, a cancerous tissue. These cancerous tissues, though, are almost undetectable, but, when subjected to a morcellator treatment these too are cut and made to spread outside the uterus, thus, putting the patient’s life in much greater danger.
Though Johnson & Johnson’s Ethicon might have ceased sales, other manufacturers have not and some doctors still continue to use the device as the FDA has not issued a total ban on its use. Morcellator lawsuit attorneys have already filed complaints and more are still expected to be brought to court. Women, who have been harmed, should not have second thoughts about filing a lawsuit against the manufacturer of the harmful device used to treat her. A lawsuit may also determine her worthy of receiving compensation from the accused.Read More
As researchers look for ways to access cleaner forms of energy, many have turned to forests, experimenting with timber harvesting to produce biofuel. Initially, this form of acquiring fuel was thought to have less of a negative impact than fossil fuels, leaving a less pronounced carbon footprint. However, a recent study from Dartmouth College shows that analyses for carbon emissions hadn’t previously measured or accounted carbon emitted from deep-soil.
Researchers noticed a trend in the amount of papers being written about a sudden decrease in soil carbon levels. From this trend and other tests, they safely concluded that carbon from deep soil deposits, often under trees, are released into the atmosphere when a tree is cut down. The response of the minerals in carbon soil can often vary depending on harvesting techniques, soil type, and disturbance to the surface.
Since emissions of carbon into the atmosphere results from logging, scientists suspect that timber isn’t as effective in reducing the negative carbon impacts of burning fossil fuels. This realization prompted researchers to urge policymakers to reevaluate the push toward using trees as for biofuel. As it stands currently, forest biomass accounts for 3/4 of the world’s biofuel production.Read More
The effects of a serious injury can be hard to determine, and should never be underestimated. Compensation for an injury sustained due to another person’s recklessness or negligence can depend on the area where the injury occurred and the severity of the injury. Talking with a personal injury lawyer can help in determining the costs of an injury and how an injury victim can pursue compensation.
Insurance companies have a way of computing the value of a personal injury claim. Although the physical aspect of the injury can be easy to determine, the emotional and psychological impact are often much more difficult to properly value. To help you know more of which damages can be compensated, here are some important things to consider:
- Possible permanent disability or disfigurement
- Total medical treatment costs and other related expenses (includes the present and future treatment costs)
- Lost wages due to missed work and time spent in rehabilitation and treatment
- Emotional damages, such as stress, trauma, depression, anxiety, embarrassment, or burdens on personal relationships brought about by the injury
- Property damage
- Loss of enjoyment in life and loss of family
For missed opportunities, experiences, and pain and suffering, the computation for what insurance companies call “general” damages can be a bit complicated. Insurance adjusters generally add all the expenses from the medical treatments (called “specials”). For more minor injuries, the “specials” is multiplied by 1.5 or 2 to get the “general” damages. For particularly severe and life-threatening injuries, the “specials” is multiplied by up to 5 (and even 10 for extreme injuries). Income lost is then added.
This computation serves merely as a guide for settlements, where both parties can negotiate the appropriate amount of compensation. There are also outside factors, where the victim may be partially at fault for the accident, and the total amount of the compensation may then be significantly lower than needed. It’s best to speak with a personal injury lawyer to assist and guide you through the process of computing and acquiring fair compensation for a personal injury suit. With the guidance of a legal professional, victims of negligent injuries may be able to seek compensation from the wrongdoings of others.Read More
Dental veneers, also called laminates, are pretty much the same in principle as the veneers used in home beautification. Veneers are thin layers of material bonded onto a surface to make it look better. Laminates have been used in ancient Egypt by the wealthy in furniture and sarcophagi design.
Nowadays, it’s not only the rich who can have veneers, although porcelain veneers are more expensive than other options. Veneers typically cost upwards of $600 per tooth, but in most cases you will need to have at least adjacent teeth done to preserve uniformity. That’s a lot of money to spend on something that’s no thicker than plastic film, but it’s tougher than it looks. On average, veneers last up to 10 years, so in terms of the value it adds to a person’s self confidence, it’s certainly not bad in terms of value.
Veneers and its Applications
A veneer or laminate is a very thin piece of dental-grade resin or porcelain which is shaped by a ceramist to fit the contours of a patient’s tooth. It is bonded directly to the tooth to cover imperfections in size, shape, and color. Veneers can solve a lot of problems, such as:
- Chipped or broken teeth
- Discoloration due to medication
- Irregularly shaped, cratered, or worn down teeth
- Gaps between teeth
How is it Done?
The process of veneering is three-staged. First, the dentist makes an assessment of your case to determine if you are a good candidate for veneers. If you are, the dentist prepares the tooth by trimming it and then taking an impression which a ceramist will use to shape the veneer. Finally, the porcelain or resin shell is bonded to the tooth.
Cosmetic dentists tend to specialize in procedures such as veneering. While some people may consider it an unnecessary expense, improving your smile is a good way to raise one’s self-esteem as well as open up new opportunities in life and in one’s career.Read More
The cinnamon challenge has become a popular internet fad over the past few years. It’s a simple prospect: swallow a spoonful of cinnamon without the aid of a drink. It seems rather easy, except for the fact that it’s impossible for the vast majority of people since their bodies cannot produce an adequate amount of saliva to wash down the powdery spice.
Instead, the fine powder becomes caught on the individual’s tongue, causing them to inhale some of it, which then leads to coughing or sneezing as the cinnamon irritates the back of the person’s throat. The cough pushes the remaining cinnamon out in a huge cloud dubbed “dragon breath” and the challenge is failed.
The challenge has become a YouTube sensation, with several thousand videos posted to the site.
However, doctors now advise people not take the cinnamon challenge after discovering its dangers. Many children have been hospitalized after attempting it. The American Association of Poison Control Centers has received reports of at least 30 people who have needed medical attention after attempting the cinnamon challenge. Cinnamon fibers are easily inhaled and can become trapped in the lungs which can cause serious irritation and even tissue scarring. There is also the danger of vomiting, and then inhaling some of the cinnamon-infused vomit into your lungs, which can have a dangerous, corrosive effect.
The takeaway here is to never attempt the cinnamon challenge. Try watching some of the myriad videos available online instead!Read More